Signs and symptoms of diabetes & How to prevent diabetes –
[Signs and symptoms of diabetes, What causes diabetes, Types of diabetes, What can diabetics eat, How to test for diabetes, How to prevent diabetes]
Nowadays diabetes is no longer a matter of concern. Perhaps the problem has become part of the modern life of man. Diabetes is neither a matter of age nor a human being to be thick or thin. That is, it can be at any age. Yes, diabetes is a disease that can not destroy the life of a person if it is not done.
All the food we eat all day, it starts from the mouth and stays in the stomach and small intestine. Solid food is made simple indigestion and the complex food is converted into ordinary food items.
Three nutrients of food provide calories – carbohydrate, protein, and fat.
By digestion, carbohydrates are converted into glucose. The amount of glucose at night is highest during the absorption time ie 1 hour after feeding. After 2 hours of food, it is reduced by the amount of it, as soon as the empty stomach emerges in the blood test. With the help of glucose-insulin absorbed in the blood, it is converted into glycogen and stored in the liver and muscles.
Insulin is formed in beta cells of the organism called pancreatic, which is found between the stomach and liver. This insulin goes straight into the blood and shows its effect on glucose. With the effect of insulin, cells allow glucose to enter. When, there is a real or practical lack of insulin in the body, the glucose absorbed from the digestive tract, which can’t be converted into glycogen at the right time and full volume, nor can it enter the appropriate amount in the cells.
This increases the amount of blood glucose in the blood. The amount of glucose in the blood depends on the availability of insulin. If the amount of insulin is normal, the amount of glucose in the blood remains normal after the food in the empty stomach. In contrast, the amount of glucose in the blood increases as the amount of insulin is low.
There is diabetes
The amount of glucose in the empty stomach blood is usually less than 10 mg. If after having an empty stomach overnight, the amount of glucose in the blood test greater than 120 mg or 250 grams of water in 100 grams of glucose, after 2 hours of drinking it in the blood. If the amount of glucose is more than 180 milligrams then there is diabetes.
Similarly, in any given trial, if the amount of glucose in the blood is more than 250 mg, then diabetes is definitely fixed.
Clear that diabetes is not
If the amount of glucose in the empty stomach test falls between 90 to 130 milligrams, and after 2 hours of drinking 100 grams of glucose, the amount of glucose in the blood falls between 120 to 130 milligrams, then this condition is not normal. And it becomes clear that diabetes is not even a disease. Such people are more likely to have diabetes than those with normal blood glucose, so such individuals should continue with regular medical attention by testing them physically.
The main types of diabetes-
Although diabetes has been divided into many different types but keeping the treatment in mind, there are two types of these.
1. There is insulin-dependent diabetes
This is also called the child’s diabetes or the first type of diabetes. The disease begins in most people under 40 years of age. The weight of these patients is usually lower than normal or normal.
In most people, this disease is rapidly generated. And the symptoms are also quite intense. These patients feel very hungry and thirsty and have to go to urination repeatedly, the toilets become tight. When the disease becomes more complex, the breath becomes faster and the unconsciousness is increased. The use of insulin is essential in their treatment.
2. Insufficient diabetes on insulin
It is also called diabetes or other types of diabetes. The patients are more than 40 years old. Most of them are overweight. The use of insulin is not necessary for their treatment.
What to do diabetic patients ?
Full control over diabetes is possible but complete prevention has not yet been developed. If the patient of diabetes keeps complete control of diabetes, then he can lead a normal life. Three things are main under the control of diabetes.
- Regular dose
Insulin-dependent diabetes patients have to take regular insulin injections
Without such insulin control of such diabetes is not possible. There are many types of insulin. Insulin and long-acting insulin that works for a short period of time.
Considering the patient’s weight, age and physical exertion, both the units of insulin are fixed by the physician. Those who are applied daily under the skin before the skin.
Insulin requirement is different for each patient. By taking insulin, the amount of glucose in the patient’s blood should be normal. The dosage has special significance to keep blood glucose normal. Because the digestion of food produces glucose only.
Pills are given by physicians if there is no control of disease by diet and exercise.
Both insulin or pills are introduced in small amounts and gradually increasing blood glucose is brought to a normal stage.
Diabetic patients should exercise regularly. Those who have high weight should exercise more and reduce their dose to normalize their weight. In some patients, even when weight becomes normal, diabetes is almost cured.
In order to determine the dose of diabetics, their length and weight are seen, keeping them in their age and saddle, it is decided that their weight is normal, it is more or less than normal. Diabetic patients whose weight It is normal and does not work hard, they are required for 30 calories per kilogram. That is, if the patient weighs 60 kg then he needs eighteen hundred calories.
Those who work for mediocrity should eat 40 calories per kilogram and those who work hard should eat around 50 calories per kilogram.
Those who are overweight should eat calorie food accordingly. For example, if the weight of a person is higher than the height and weight ratio gave above 5 kg more than usual, and it does the average hard work. Then it should take 200 calories less. This will make his weight normal.
The diabetic patient should not use sugar, jaggery or ready-to-eat food. Because the amount of glucose in the blood increases significantly in their account.
Apart from this, any diabetic patient can eat any food that is balanced and the calories obtained from him should not be less or more than the requirement of the patient. The balanced diet giving certain calories by the beneficiary physicians of diabetic patients is generally available in the table with the physicians.
Complications of not having diabetes mellitus…
- Diabetic disease
- heart attack
- Palpation of hands and feet
- Not wound up
- It is important to have frequent abscesses or more of your type of infection in the body such as tuberculosis
- Affecting the nervous system, Which makes chaos in the hand and so on.
- Renal failure
- There may be sudden death due to some of the above-mentioned complications.
difficult to treat
It has often been seen that the diseases, which are difficult to treat or have to last for long, and various types of tricks and exorcism treatments are available for the treatment of diseases. Many types of unprotected medicine are available in the market to exploit diabetic patients.
Diabetic patients often wander in the dilemma of finding simple medical care of their disease and leave appropriate medical treatment which is often proven to be fatal. The remedy to detect whether diabetes is adequate or not, the remedy is very simple.
Regardless of the blood, the amount of glucose in the blood should be between 80 to 100 mg percent of the empty stomach and between 110 and 150 mg percent after 2 hours of food. In this way, if the amount of glucose in the blood is normal, complications of diabetes can be avoided.
Read also: An overview of diabetes types and treatments
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