Tuberculosis bacteria, symptoms, transmission, treatment & vaccine
Tuberculosis means TB is an infectious disease, ie it is an untouchable disease. Which spreads from one person to others. The cause of this disease is a microbial called Microbacterium ‘tuberculosis’ or ‘tuber kill bacilli’. For this reason, this disease is abbreviated as TB.
This bacterium can attack any part of the body. But this disease mainly occurs in lungs, intestines, lymph glands, bones and brain membranes. Among them, the largest number of lung tuberculosis (pulmonary tuberculosis) in adults and TB of lymph nodes in children is found.
Only patients with lung tuberculosis are often helpful in spreading this disease to other people. Patients whose germs are present in the mucus. Those patients are called the most infectious because these patients are the most important cause of spreading the disease, so treatment is given priority in these patients.
When these patients perform acute respiratory activities – (like coughing, sneezing, and loud talking), the germs of TB spread to the environment. Or spitting here and there, these germs eventually start flying in the air. When a normal person comes in contact with these bacteria, he gets infected.
When, for some reason, the person’s power to fight the disease decreases, then the disease starts, according to the entry routes of the bacteria of the disease, the TB of different organs, such as the lungs by breath, the intestines by food. And blood circulation can cause TB of any lead.
Symptoms of the disease
Although there are no specific symptoms of this disease, yet if the following symptoms are present, the possibility of this disease cannot be ruled out and it becomes necessary to get examined.
In the children
In children, increase in appetite, loss of appetite, lack of mind in playing and reading, neck-and-throat ties, light fever and sometimes coughing mucus, high fever, epilepsy, and fainting attacks, etc.
Adult loss of appetite, gradual loss of weight, cough, sputum, bleeding with mucus, evening fever, night sweats, weakness, chest pain, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, constipation and diarrhea. To be in shape, to move around in the stomach, etc.
Apart from the above, irregular menstruation and absence of children, etc. For the diagnosis of this disease, the patient should contact a good doctor immediately.
Physical examination and diagnosis through various tests are possible. In which X-ray and mucus examination is prominent. Some important things about treatment: TB, once considered incurable, is hundred percent curable today. A special thing in its treatment is that medicines should be taken continuously for a certain period.
These periods are different for different drug regimens. Some expensive medicines are available in the market today, for which the duration is from 6 months to 1 year, but its price is from 10 rupees to 20 rupees per day which is not possible for everyone.
Affordable Medicine Price
Some very inexpensive medicines are also available. The cost of which is 50 Paise to 6 Rupees and these medicines are distributed free of cost in all primary health centers, government hospitals, TB centers, and medical colleges. The duration of these medicines is at least 2 years. Fairs of both types of drugs produce similar results.
Due to irregular and inadequate treatment, the patient remains afraid of loss in place of benefit. It is often because – after taking the medicine for two months, the patient gets a lot of rest, and they leave the treatment and after some time the disease manifests in a more extreme form.
Due to irregular and inadequate treatment, germs of TB are gradually resistant and after a limit of irregularity, the disease enters a catastrophic situation.
What we call resistant TB, ordinary medicines do not work in this situation. At that time, the patient is given second-line (secondary line) medicines. Which is very expensive (50 to 60 rupees per day) and no fixed profit can be guaranteed.
Therefore, to avoid this stage of disease, irregularity, and inadequacy of treatment should be avoided.
Tuberculosis treatment & prevention measures
1. Get children with resistant tuberculosis vaccine BCG as soon as possible.
2. If there are symptoms of the disease, see the patient immediately to the doctor.
3. The patient should keep a cloth over the mouth while coughing, sneezing and talking.
4. Take the right treatment regularly for a certain period.
5. Take care of the cleanliness of your personal and environment. Do not spit here and nor discard urine.
6. The other members of the house must also be investigated.
Read More: About Tuberculosis
– Dr. Narendra Singh